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Pubmed-Comparison of Serum Vitamin D Levels in Relation to Bowel and Bladder Symptoms in Women with Vulvar Diseases.

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Comparison of Serum Vitamin D Levels in Relation to Bowel and Bladder Symptoms in Women with Vulvar Diseases.

Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2019 Feb 12;:1-7

Authors: Swenson CW, Schimpf MO, Menees SB, Haefner HK, Berger MB

OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate associations between vitamin D levels and bowel and bladder disorders in women with vulvar diseases.
METHODS: This is a planned sub-analysis of a cross-sectional study comparing the prevalence of bowel and bladder symptoms in women with biopsy-proven vulvar lichen sclerosus (LS) to a control group of women with non-lichenoid vulvar diseases. All subjects were recruited from a tertiary referral vulvar care clinic in a university-based practice. Serum vitamin D levels were measured and subjects self-completed questionnaires during study recruitment. Pelvic floor disorders were determined from the following questionnaires: Rome III Functional Bowel Disorders Questionnaire, the Bristol stool scale, the Medical, Social and Epidemiologic Aspects of Aging Questionnaire, and the Overactive Bladder-8 Question Version.
RESULTS: 181 women with vulvar diseases were included: 88 with LS and 93 with non-LS vulvar diseases. The mean age was 52.5 ± 15.3 years, and 94.5% were Caucasian. Vitamin D levels (26.8 ± 13.1 vs 29.5 ± 19.0 ng/mL), prevalence of low vitamin D levels (51.1% vs 45.2%), and vitamin D supplementation (42.0% vs 47.8%) were similar in women with and without LS ( p ≥ 0.27). These factors did not differ between women with and without overactive bladder (OAB) (vitamin D levels 30.1 ± 17.8 vs 26.3 ± 14.8 ng/mL), urinary incontinence (27.9 ± 15.2 vs 26.4 ± 11.0 ng/mL), constipation (26.7 ± 14.8 vs 28.5 ± 16.8 ng/mL), or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (30.8 ± 22.1 vs 27.6 ± 13.4 ng/mL).
CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of women with vulvar diseases, vitamin D levels and supplementation were not significantly different amongst women with vulvar lichen sclerosus or other non-lichenoid vulvar diseases. Furthermore, vitamin D levels are not serum biomarkers for OAB, urinary incontinence, constipation, or IBS.

PMID: 30747611 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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