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Pubmed-Interplay Between the Host, the Human Microbiome, and Drug Metabolism.

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Interplay Between the Host, the Human Microbiome, and Drug Metabolism.

Hum Genomics. 2019 Jun 11;13(1):27

Authors: Nichols RG, Peters JM, Patterson AD

Abstract
The human microbiome is composed of four major areas including intestinal, skin, vaginal, and oral microbiomes, with each area containing unique species and unique functionalities. The human microbiome may be modulated with prebiotics, probiotics, and postbiotics to potentially aid in the treatment of diseases like irritable bowel syndrome, bacterial vaginosis, atopic dermatitis, gingivitis, obesity, or cancer. There is also potential for many of the inhabitants of the human microbiome to directly modulate host gene expression and modulate host detoxifying enzyme activity like cytochrome P450s (CYPs), dehydrogenases, and carboxylesterases. Therefore, the microbiome may be important to consider during drug discovery, risk assessment, and dosing regimens for various diseases given that the human microbiome has been shown to impact host detoxification processes.

PMID: 31186074 [PubMed - in process]

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