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Pubmed-The Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, exendin-4, ameliorated gastrointestinal dysfunction in the Wistar Kyoto rat model of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

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The Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, exendin-4, ameliorated gastrointestinal dysfunction in the Wistar Kyoto rat model of Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2019 Oct 11;:e13738

Authors: O'Brien R, O'Malley D

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is beneficial in relieving pain-related symptoms of Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a prevalent, multi-factorial functional bowel disorder characterized by diarrhea and/or constipation, abdominal bloating, and pain. Activation of myenteric neurons has been implicated in the inhibitory effects of GLP-1 on gastrointestinal motility; however, the mechanisms of action underlying this are not clear.
METHODS: A rat model of IBS was used to examine physiological changes evoked by intraperitoneal administration of a GLP-1 receptor agonist, exendin-4. Behavioral and physiological analysis of stress-sensitive Wister Kyoto (WKY) rats was used to determine if administration of exendin-4, in the presence or absence of neutralizing interleukin-6 receptor monoclonal antibodies, modified IBS-like symptoms. Immunofluorescence, calcium imaging, and Western blotting techniques were used to investigate the potential role of enteric neural plexi and tight junction protein expression in this effect.
KEY RESULTS: Consistent with the expression of GLP-1 and interleukin-6 receptors in both submucosal and myenteric ganglia, exendin-4 and interleukin-6 stimulated calcium responses in these neurons. In vivo administration of exendin-4 normalized stress-induced defecation and visceral pain sensitivity in WKY rats. No additional changes were noted in rats co-treated with exendin-4 and anti-interleukin-6 receptor antibodies. Mucosal expression of occludin, a tight junction protein, was decreased by exendin-4. Centrally regulated anxiety-like behaviors were not modified.
CONCLUSIONS AND INFERENCES: These data suggest that intraperitoneal injection of exendin-4 improves bowel dysfunction in WKY rats without impacting on centrally regulated anxiety-like behaviors. Modulation of enteric neuronal function and tight junction expression appear to underlie the functional benefits of this intervention.

PMID: 31602785 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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