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Pubmed-EphrinB2/ephB2-mediated myenteric synaptic plasticity: mechanisms underlying the persistent muscle hypercontractility and pain in postinfectious IBS.

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EphrinB2/ephB2-mediated myenteric synaptic plasticity: mechanisms underlying the persistent muscle hypercontractility and pain in postinfectious IBS.

FASEB J. 2019 Oct 10;:fj201901192R

Authors: Zhang L, Wang R, Bai T, Xiang X, Qian W, Song J, Hou X

Abstract
Patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) show pain hypersensitivity and smooth muscle hypercontractility in response to colorectal distension (CRD). Synaptic plasticity, a key process of memory formation, in the enteric nervous system may be a novel explanation. This study aimed to explore the regulatory role of ephrinB2/ephB2 in enteric synaptic plasticity and colonic hyperreactive motility in IBS. Postinfectious (PI)-IBS was induced by Trichinella spiralis infection in rats. Isometric contractions of colonic circular muscle strips, particularly neural-mediated contractions, were recorded ex vivo. Meanwhile, ephrinB2/ephB2-mediated enteric structural and functional synaptic plasticity were assessed in the colonic muscularis, indicating that ephrinB2 and ephB2 were located on enteric nerves and up-regulated in the colonic muscularis of PI-IBS rats. Colonic hypersensitivity to CRD and neural-mediated colonic hypercontractility were present in PI-IBS rats, which were correlated with increased levels of cellular homologous fos protein (c-fos) and activity-regulated cystoskeleton-associated protein (arc), the synaptic plasticity-related immediate early genes, and were ameliorated by ephB2Fc (an ephB2 receptor blocker) or MK801 (an NMDA receptor inhibitor) exposure. EphrinB2/ephB2 facilitated synaptic sprouting and NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic potentiation in the colonic muscularis of PI-IBS rats and in the longitudinal muscle-myenteric plexus cultures, involving the Erk-MAPK and PI3K-protein kinase B pathways. In conclusion, ephrinB2/ephB2 promoted the synaptic sprouting and potentiation of myenteric nerves involved in persistent muscle hypercontractility and pain in PI-IBS. Hence, ephrinB2/ephB2 may be an emerging target for the treatment of IBS.-Zhang, L., Wang, R., Bai, T., Xiang, X., Qian, W., Song, J., Hou, X. EphrinB2/ephB2-mediated myenteric synaptic plasticity: mechanisms underlying the persistent muscle hypercontractility and pain in postinfectious IBS.

PMID: 31601124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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