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Pubmed-Evaluation of the effects of Bidens tripartita extracts and their main constituents on intestinal motility - An ex vivo study.

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Evaluation of the effects of Bidens tripartita extracts and their main constituents on intestinal motility - An ex vivo study.

J Ethnopharmacol. 2020 May 19;:112982

Authors: Mendel M, Chłopecka M, Latek U, Karlik W, Tomczykowa M, Strawa J, Tomczyk M

Abstract
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Based on traditional medicine, infusions of Bidens species (Asteraceae) have been successfully used in the treatment of acute and chronic enteritis. Additionally, ethnopharmacological reports demonstrating the gastrointestinal, gastroprotective, anti-inflammatory, antiulcerogenic and immunomodulatory potency of Bidens tripartita Linn. (Asteraceae) and its constituents make the plant a particularly interesting herbal drug candidate for the supportive treatment of functional gastrointestinal and motility disorders.
AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aimed to verify the effects of B. tripartita and its main flavonoid constituents on intestinal contractility patterns under ex vivo conditions.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of B. tripartita preparations and their main flavonoids were identified using an alternative model of porcine isolated jejunum specimens. Using LC-ESI-MS, the effects of six different standardized extracts, aqueous (BT1), methanolic 50% (BT2), methanolic (BT3), diethyl ether (BT4), ethyl acetate (BT5) and butanol (BT6) (0.001-0.1 mg/mL), as well as three pure isolated flavonoids, luteolin (LUT), cynaroside (CYN) and flavanomarein (ION) (0.001-100 μM), were evaluated towards spontaneous and acetylcholine-induced motility.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: s: The results showed the potent prokinetic effects of the B. tripartita extracts and their flavonoids on jejunum smooth muscle. The myocontractile effect was observed on both spontaneous and acetylcholine-induced contractility. There were no substantial differences in the magnitude of myocontractile effects between all six extracts with the exception of the butanol extract which seemed to have a slightly stronger prokinetic effect than the other extracts. The use of extracts at the highest tested concentrations provoked an approximately 1.5-fold increased reaction to acetylcholine compared to the control treatment. The myocontractile effect of the single flavonoids justifies the hypothesis that these secondary metabolites are responsible for the prokinetic activity of all the tested extracts. Among the tested flavonoids, CYN appeared to be the most potent ingredient of B. tripartita; the increase in the response to acetylcholine in the presence of this compound exceeded 250% of the control reaction. In view of the obtained results, the range of functional gastrointestinal disorders in which B. tripartita could be expected to bring benefits include the predominantly constipative phases of irritable bowel syndrome and dyspeptic complaints in which treatment protocols usually involve gastroprokinetics.

PMID: 32442590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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