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Pubmed-Systematic Review of Pediatric Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (Rome IV Criteria)


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J Clin Med. 2021 Oct 29;10(21):5087. doi: 10.3390/jcm10215087.

ABSTRACT

Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) are common among children and may cause a significant symptom burden. The Rome criteria are symptom-based guidelines for the assessment of FGID among children and adults. The aim of this systematic review was to estimate the prevalence of FGID utilizing the revised Rome IV criteria. Nine health databases were searched. The inclusion criteria were: prospective FGID prevalence data using the Rome IV criteria for children up to 18 years, and the exclusion criteria were: cohorts with known gastrointestinal or organic conditions. The data were presented as a percentage of children experiencing at least one FGID, as well as in individual categories. The searches identified 376 papers, with 20 included in the final analysis, providing a pooled cohort of 18,935 children. The median prevalence of FGID for children aged up to four years was 22.2% (range 5.8-40%), and aged four-eighteen years was 21.8% (range 19-40%). The most common FGID for children aged 0-12 months was infant regurgitation, the most common FGID for those aged 13-48 months were functional constipation and cyclic vomiting, and, for those aged over four years, functional constipation, functional dyspepsia, and irritable bowel syndrome. This reported overall incidence of FGID may be used as a benchmark of normative data among the general population and comparative data for those with comorbid disease.

PMID:34768604 | DOI:10.3390/jcm10215087

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