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Pubmed-Feasibility of a low FODMAPs diet without initial dietician intervention in the management of patients with irritable bowel syndrome: a prospective study


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Acta Gastroenterol Belg. 2021 Oct-Dec;84(4):593-600. doi: 10.51821/84.4.010.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Efficiency of a low FODMAPs diet (LFD) to relieve symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has been proved in several studies. Our study aimed to evaluate the management of IBS-patients when explanations about LFD are given by the physician without dietician intervention.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with IBS were evaluated prospectively after explanations about the LFD were given with the help of a leaflet. A first questionnaire evaluating trigger foods and diet acceptability was submitted to the patient after the consultation. Six weeks later, a second questionnaire evaluated patient's understanding and adherence to the diet, the evolution of symptoms, and the need for a specific dietetic support.

RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were included (69% female; mean age 45±15). Seventy-four percent of the patients thought that their symptoms were related to food ingestion, and 97% were ready to go on a diet to improve their symptoms. During the second visit, 91% of the patients reported understanding correctly the explanations, 52% followed LFD regularly, 28% sometimes and 20% did not follow LFD at all or barely. Multiple non-adherence factors were reported. All symptoms, except constipation, decreased significantly six weeks after starting LFD. Finally, 77% of the patients reported satisfaction with care and 69% were willing to be supported by a dietician.

CONCLUSIONS: Most IBS patients understood explanations given by GI physicians, but low compliance to the diet and a wish for dietician support was highlighted, suggesting that a dietician intervention should be scheduled when LFD is implemented.

PMID:34965041 | DOI:10.51821/84.4.010

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