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Pubmed-Modulation of Intestinal Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone Signaling by the Herbal Preparation STW 5-II: Possible Mechanisms for Irritable Bowel Syndrome Management

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Pharmaceuticals (Basel). 2022 Sep 8;15(9):1121. doi: 10.3390/ph15091121.


Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) mediates stress responses and alters the gut-brain axis, contributing to the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which is recognized by abdominal pain accompanied by bowel habit disturbance. STW 5-II, a mixture of six herbal extracts, is clinically effective in functional dyspepsia and IBS. Here we aimed to establish an organoid-based stress-induced IBS-like model to investigate the mechanisms of action of STW 5-II. STW 5-II (10, 20, and 30 g/mL) was applied to intestinal organoids for 24 h before being treated with CRF (100 nM) for 48 h. The effects of STW 5-II on CRF signaling were investigated using several in vitro and in silico approaches. STW 5-II activities were further explored by in silico PyRx screening followed by molecular docking of the main 52 identified compounds in STW 5-II with both CRF receptors CRFR1 and CRFR2. CRF exposure stimulated inflammation and increased proinflammatory mediators, while STW 5-II dose-dependently counteracted these effects. STW 5-II inhibited CRF-induced claudin-2 overexpression and serotonin release. Docking of the STW 5-II constituents oleanolic acid and licorice saponin G2 to CRFR1 and CRFR2, respectively, showed a good affinity. These multi-target activities support and elucidate the clinically proven efficacy of STW 5-II in disorders of gut-brain interaction.

PMID:36145342 | DOI:10.3390/ph15091121

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