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Pubmed-A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of "Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Therapy(MBSRT)" in Reducing Symptom Severity and Improving Quality of Life in Patients Suffering From Irritable Bowel Syndrome


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J Clin Gastroenterol. 2022 Nov 15. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000001800. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disease with a high prevalence. IBS is considered a disorder of brain-gut interaction. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Therapy (MBSRT) is a form of treatment that uses meditation and relaxation to foster awareness and acceptance of the present moment. This kind of therapy requires individuals to practice noticing and observing details about their surroundings without passing judgment or reacting to triggers in the environment.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: After making the diagnosis of IBS, 30 patients were subjected to concomitant MBSRT in addition to pharmacological therapy(Case Group) while the remaining were given only pharmacotherapy (Control Group). MBSRT was performed by a Clinical Psychologist. Seventeen patients were given only pharmacological therapy (Control Group). Scores were assessed using the IBS Symptom Severity Scale (IBS-SSS), Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire(FFMQ), and World Health Organisation Quality Of Life-BREF (WHO-QOL-BREF) before and after the completion of MBSRT sessions.

RESULTS: The study included 47 patients (30 in the case group and 17 in the control group) who presented to Medicine OPD and were diagnosed with IBS. Kendall tau correlation test was applied for IBS-SSS scores, which showed significant improvement in IBS-SSS scores postmindfulness therapy in the case group with P value of <0.001. McNemar test was applied for FFMQ scores, which showed significant improvement in FFMQ scores postmindfulness therapy in the case group with a P value of <0.001. A logistic regression model was also generated, which showed a significant change in QOL scores after MBSRT.

CONCLUSION: IBS patients who received MBSRT had a greater improvement in the quality of life and mindfulness components and reduced IBS symptoms as compared with the control group.

PMID:36374952 | DOI:10.1097/MCG.0000000000001800

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