Jump to content

Pubmed-Self-reported gastrointestinal disorders among veterans with gulf war illness with and without posttraumatic stress disorder

Health Reporter

Recommended Posts

Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2023 Mar 21:e14548. doi: 10.1111/nmo.14548. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Gulf War Illness (GWI) is a chronic, multi-symptom disorder affecting 25%-32% of Gulf War veterans. Veterans with GWI disproportionately suffer from gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Given the increasing evidence supporting a gut-brain axis, we explore the relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), GWI, and self-reported GI disorders among GW veterans.

METHODS: Veterans from the Gulf War Era Cohort and Biorepository responded to a mail-based survey (N = 1058). They were stratified by GWI (Centers for Disease Control definition) and PTSD status. This yielded three groups: GWI-, GWI+/PTSD-, and GWI+/PTSD+. Multivariable logistic regression adjusting for demographic and military characteristics examined associations between GWI/PTSD groups and GI disorders. Results were expressed as adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).

KEY RESULTS: The most frequently reported GI disorders were irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and colon polyps (CP). The GWI+/PTSD+ group had a higher odds of these disorders than the GWI+/PTSD- group (aORIBS = 3.12, 95% CI: 1.93-5.05; aORGERD = 2.04, 95% CI: 1.44-2.90; aORCP = 1.85, 95% CI: 1.23-2.80), which had a higher odds of these disorders than the GWI- group (aORIBS = 4.38, 95% CI: 1.55-12.36; aORGERD = 2.51 95% CI: 1.63-3.87; aORCP = 2.57, 95% CI: 1.53-4.32).

CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES: GW veterans with GWI and PTSD have significantly higher odds of specific self-reported GI disorders than the other groups. Given the known bidirectional influences of the gut and brain, these veterans may benefit from a holistic healthcare approach that considers biopsychosocial contributors to the assessment and management of disease.

PMID:36942766 | DOI:10.1111/nmo.14548

View the full article

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • Create New...