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Pubmed-Inflammatory bowel disease is causally related to irritable bowel syndrome: a bidirectional two-sample Mendelian randomization study

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Front Med (Lausanne). 2023 Apr 17;10:1166683. doi: 10.3389/fmed.2023.1166683. eCollection 2023.


INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are lifelong digestive diseases that severely impact patients' quality of life. The existence of a causal association between IBS and IBD remains unclear. This study aimed to determine the direction of causality between IBD and IBS by quantifying their genome-wide genetic associations and performing bidirectional two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses.

METHODS: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) among a predominantly European patient cohort identified independent genetic variants associated with IBS and IBD. Two separate databases (a large GWAS meta-analysis and the FinnGen cohort) for both IBS and IBD were consulted to retrieve statistics on instrument-outcome associations. MR analyses included inverse-variance-weighted, weighted-median, MR-Egger regression, MR Pleiotropy RESidual Sum and Outlier (MR-PRESSO) methods, and sensitivity analyses were performed. The MR analyses were carried out for each outcome data, followed by a fixed-effect meta-analysis.

RESULTS: Genetically predicted IBD was associated with an increased risk of IBS. Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for samples of 211,551 (17,302 individuals with IBD), 192,789 (7,476 Crohn's disease cases), and 201,143 (10,293 ulcerative colitis cases) individuals were 1.20 (1.00, 1.04), 1.02 (1.01, 1.03), and 1.01 (0.99, 1.03), respectively. After outlier correction using MR-PRESSO, the odds ratio for ulcerative colitis was 1.03 (1.02, 1.05) (p = 0.001). However, an association between genetically influenced IBS and IBD was not identified.

DISCUSSION: This study confirms that IBD is causally related to IBS, which may interfere with the diagnosis and treatment of both diseases.

PMID:37138734 | PMC:PMC10150057 | DOI:10.3389/fmed.2023.1166683

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