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Migraine and Irritable Bowel Syndrome Among the General Population - Cureus

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Migraine and Irritable Bowel Syndrome Among the General Population in Aseer Region  Cureus



Background: Limited research has been conducted in Saudi Arabia to investigate the incidence and understanding of migraines and irritable bowel disease (IBS) among the population. This study aimed to quantify the prevalence of migraine and IBS within the Aseer region. Furthermore, it aimed to explore the potential association between migraine and IBS.

Methods: The survey questionnaire was distributed through various social media platforms such as Facebook (Meta Platforms, Inc., Menlo Park, California, United States), Twitter/X (X Corp., San Francisco, California, United States), LinkedIn (Microsoft Corporation, Sunnyvale, California, United States), and WhatsApp (Meta Platforms, Inc.) to maximize the reach and engagement of potential participants. The Migraine Screen Questionnaire (MS-Q) assessed the type and frequency of headache pain, along with intensity and impact on daily activities. The questionnaire also incorporated the Rome IV diagnostic criteria for IBS.

Results: A total of 683 participants were included in this study; 65.2% were aged 21-39 years, 85.5% were females, 61.6% were single, and 73.1% had a university degree or higher. Of the participants, 45.97% experienced migraines, while 39.97% exhibited symptoms of IBS. There was a statistically significant association between having IBS and migraine (χ2 = 11.88, p 0.001). Migraine was significantly associated with female sex (p = 0.049), history of psychiatric disease (p < 0.001), and family history of migraines (p < 0.001). IBS was significantly associated with age (p = 0.042), history of psychiatric disease (p = 0.015), and sleeping hours (p = 0.038).

Conclusions: This study reveals a high prevalence of migraine and IBS, underlining their interconnection. Key risk factors include age, gender, family history, and psychiatric disorders. Targeting high-risk groups is crucial due to the substantial impact on daily life and performance.

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