Jump to content

Pubmed-A 1 year course of starch- and sucrose-reduced diet used by irritable bowel syndrome patients with diarrhoea and the effect of genetic variants

Health Reporter

Recommended Posts

Front Nutr. 2023 Oct 26;10:1268538. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2023.1268538. eCollection 2023.


BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome is a heterogeneous syndrome and it is difficult to find an effective treatment. Previously, a starch- and sucrose-reduced diet (SSRD) demonstrated promising short-term outcomes. It was proposed that genetic variants in the sucrose-isomaltase gene might influence this success. Our aim in this work was to extend the follow-up study to 1 year and to analyse the effect of the genetic variants of genes involved in starch and sucrose metabolism.

METHODS: IBS-SSS questionnaire, IBS-QoL questionnaire and questionnaires about adherence, difficulty and food assessment were sent to 34 patients after 6 months and 1 year after the end of the dietary intervention. In addition, 11 genes involved in sucrose and starch metabolism were sequenced.

RESULTS: Twenty-three participants responded to the 6 months follow-up and 16 to the 1 year follow-up. IBS-SSS total value increased 59.71% in the 6 months follow-up compared with the end of the intervention (p = 0.0018), and 55.39% in the 1 year follow-up (p = 0.0166); while IBS-QoL score decreased 24.09% (p = 0.0002) and 18.07% (p = 0.0022), respectively. The adherence decreased by 29.11% (p = 4.8 × 10-5) and 27.21% (p = 0.0054), respectively. In addition, carriers of pathogenic variants on the SI gene showed a slightly better performance than non-carriers. Finally, the participants showed less satisfaction over time with 18 allowed foods in the diet.

CONCLUSION: Over time the SSRD is difficult to follow and the genotype might affect the performance of the diet. Since this diet could be a promising therapeutic option, a larger cohort needs to be analysed to validate the results and to compare it with other diets.

PMID:37955017 | PMC:PMC10639127 | DOI:10.3389/fnut.2023.1268538

View the full article

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • Create New...