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Pubmed-The Role of Diet in the Management of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Comprehensive Review

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Cureus. 2024 Feb 15;16(2):e54244. doi: 10.7759/cureus.54244. eCollection 2024 Feb.


Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a highly prevalent gastrointestinal disorder that has a significant impact on the general population. The suboptimal medical treatments available for IBS contribute to its large economic burden. The pathophysiology of IBS is complex, and treatments often focus on managing specific symptoms. Many individuals with IBS associate their symptoms with specific food intake, leading to increased scientific research on the role of diet in managing IBS. Dietary management has become a crucial aspect of IBS treatment, with initial recommendations focusing on adopting a healthy eating pattern and lifestyle. This comprehensive review aims to synthesise the current literature on the impact of diet on IBS, exploring various dietary approaches to managing IBS, including the low fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAP) diet, gluten-free diet, Mediterranean diet, and tritordeum-based diet. It presents evidence from both experimental and observational studies and summarises the underlying dietary triggers in IBS, including gut microbiota dysbiosis, visceral hypersensitivity, and immune activation. In addition, it explores the efficacy and limitations of the key diet and lifestyle recommendations provided by dietary guidelines and scientific literature, highlighting the importance of individualised dietary strategies tailored to the unique needs of different types of IBS patients. By elucidating the complex interplay between diet and IBS pathophysiology, this review provides valuable insights into optimising dietary management approaches for improving symptom control and enhancing the quality of life for individuals with IBS.

PMID:38496157 | PMC:PMC10944297 | DOI:10.7759/cureus.54244

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