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Pubmed-Unmet needs of drugs for irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel diseases: interest of vagus nerve stimulation and hypnosis


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Inflammopharmacology. 2024 Mar 21. doi: 10.1007/s10787-024-01446-7. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The gut and the brain communicate bidirectionally through the autonomic nervous system. The vagus nerve is a key component of this gut-brain axis, and has numerous properties such as anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, anti-depressive effects. A perturbation of this gut-brain communication is involved in the pathogeny of functional digestive disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Stress plays a role in the pathogeny of these diseases, which are biopsychosocial models. There are presently unmet needs of pharmacological treatments of these chronic debilitating diseases. Treatments are not devoid of side effects, cost-effective, do not cure the diseases, can lose effects over time, thus explaining the poor satisfaction of patients, their lack of compliance, and their interest for non-drug therapies. The gut-brain axis can be targeted for therapeutic purposes in irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel disease through non-drug therapies, such as hypnosis and vagus nerve stimulation, opening up possibilities for responding to patient expectations.

PMID:38512653 | DOI:10.1007/s10787-024-01446-7

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