Jump to content

Pubmed-A diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, monosaccharides and polyols improves abdominal and overall symptoms in persons with all subtypes of irritable bowel syndrome

Health Reporter

Recommended Posts

Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2024 Jun 17:e14845. doi: 10.1111/nmo.14845. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: A diet low in fermentable oligo-, di-, monosaccharides and polyols (LFD) improves symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Previous studies have focused on patients with IBS and diarrhea (IBS-D). It is unclear whether LFD is effective for IBS with constipation (IBS-C) or IBS with mixed bowel habits (IBS-M). This open-label, real-world study evaluates the relative effectiveness of the LFD among IBS subtypes.

METHODS: This study analyzes data from a service that provides low-FODMAP meals to individuals with IBS. Participants met with a registered dietitian and completed the IBS symptom severity survey (IBS-SSS) before and after undergoing a 2-4-week period of FODMAP restriction. The primary endpoint was the proportion of participants with ≥50-point decrease in IBS-SSS between the three IBS subtypes.

KEY RESULTS: After FODMAP restriction, 90% of participants with IBS-D, 75% with IBS-C, and 84% with IBS-M met the primary endpoint (p = 0.045). Similar improvement was seen for a 100-point decrease, but the difference between IBS subtypes was not significant (p = 0.46). After FODMAP restriction, all groups had statistically significant improvement in total IBS-SSS as well as individual symptom categories. Improvement in IBS-SSS subcategories was similar among the groups except for the categories of bloating severity (IBS-M had greatest improvement) and bowel movement satisfaction (IBS-C had less improvement).

CONCLUSION & INFERENCES: Though the proportion of responders was highest for IBS-D and lowest for IBS-C, the LFD led to robust improvement in overall symptoms in all IBS subtypes. Key individual symptoms also showed significant improvements in all IBS subtypes.

PMID:38887150 | DOI:10.1111/nmo.14845

View the full article

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • Create New...